Non-Fourier Thermal Conduction over 1Mm
Chih-Wei Chang1*
1Center for Condensed Matter Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
* presenting author:Chih-Wei Chang, email:cwchang137@ntu.edu.tw
One-dimensional materials could display anomalous thermal conduction that the thermal conductivity (κ) diverges with increasing lengths, in ways inconceivable in any bulk materials. However, previous theoretical or experimental investigations were plagued with many finite-size effects, rendering the results either indirect or inconclusive. Indeed, investigations on the anomalous thermal conduction must demand the sample length to be sufficiently long so that the phenomena could emerge from unwanted finite-size effects. Here we report experimental observations that the κ's of single-wall carbon nanotubes continuously increase with their lengths over 1mm, reaching at least 8640 W/m-K at room temperature. Remarkably, the anomalous thermal conduction persists even with the presence of defects, isotopic disorders, impurities, and surface absorbates. Thus we demonstrate that the anomalous thermal conduction in real materials can persist over much longer distances than previously thought. The finding would open new regimes for wave engineering of heat as well as manipulating phonons at macroscopic scales.


Keywords: phonons, thermal conductivity, nanotube